John Lund/Getty Images

À l'aube d'une révolution de l'IA

SAN FRANCISCO – Au cours des 30 dernières années, les consommateurs ont bénéficié de progrès technologiques spectaculaires. Dans de nombreux pays, la plupart des gens maintenant ont dans la poche un ordinateur plus puissant que les ordinateurs centraux des années 1980. L'ordinateur Atari 800XL, sur lequel je développais des jeux quand j'étais au lycée, était équipé d'un microprocesseur à 3 500 transistors ; l'ordinateur qui fonctionne sur mon iPhone actuel compte 2 milliards de transistors. À l'époque, un gigaoctet de stockage coûtait 100 000 dollars et était aussi grand qu'un réfrigérateur ; aujourd'hui, il est pour ainsi dire gratuit et se mesure en millimètres.

Même avec ces énormes progrès, nous pouvons nous attendre à des progrès encore plus rapides, à l'heure où  l'ensemble de la planète (les personnes et les objets), vont être bientôt connectés. Déjà 5 milliards de personnes ont accès à un appareil mobile et plus de 3 milliards de personnes  ont accès à Internet. Dans les années qui viennent, 50 milliards d'objets, notamment les lampes de réfrigérateurs, les routes, les vêtements, etc, seront également connectés à Internet.

À peu près à chaque génération, les nouvelles technologies convergent et quelque chose de révolutionnaire se produit. Par exemple, un Internet bien implanté, les faibles coûts de bande passante et de compression de fichiers et l'emblématique iPhone d'Apple ont rendu possible l'arrivée sur le marché de Uber, Airbnb, YouTube, Facebook et Twitter, qui ont redéfini l'expérience de la clientèle mobile.

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