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勾勒人工智能的未来

布莱顿—人工智能(AI)已经在人类经济和社会中起着重要作用,而在未来几年,它的作用还将更加重大。因此,思考AI的未来就是要承认未来就是AI。

这部分要归因于“深度学习”方面的进步。深度学习使用20世纪80年代开始理论化的多层神经网络。有了当今更加强大的计算能力和储存容量,深度学习已经具备现实可行性。2016年Go击败世界冠军,这让深度学习应用获得了全世界的关注。商业企业和政府都希望采用这项技术在各种“大数据”中寻找有用的模式。

2011年,IBM的沃森(Watson)标志了另一座AI分水平,它在“危险!”(Jeopardy!)游戏中击败两位前冠军。这项游戏需要结合一般知识和横向思考。另一项更加重大的发展是“物联网”的出现,随着更多装置、家用电器、可穿戴设备和公共场合传感器连入网络、开始随时传播消息,物联网还将继续成长。老大哥不会看着你,但万亿小大哥也许会看着你。

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