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رسم خريطة مستقبل الذكاء الاصطناعي

برايتون ــ يلعب الذكاء الاصطناعي بالفعل دورا رئيسيا في اقتصادات البشر والمجتمعات، وسوف يلعب دورا أكبر في السنوات المقبلة. وبالتالي فإن التأمل في مستقبل الذكاء الاصطناعي هو اعتراف بأن المستقبل هو الذكاء الاصطناعي.

وسوف يكون هذا راجعا بشكل جزئي للتقدم الذي تحقق في مجال "التعلم العميق"، والذي يستخدم شبكات عصبية متعددة الطبقات والتي جرى التنظير لها في ثمانينيات القرن العشرين. ففي ظل القدرات الحاسوبية والتخزينية الأكبر اليوم، أصبح التعلم العميق احتمالا عمليا، واجتذب تطبيق وتوظيف التعلم العميق انتباه العالم في عام 2016 عندما هزم بطل العالم في لعبة Goاليابانية. وتأمل المؤسسات التجارية والحكومات على حد سواء أن تتمكن من تطويع التكنولوجيا لإيجاد أنماط مفيدة في "البيانات الضخمة" بكل أشكالها.

في عام 2011، قدم توماس واطسون رئيس شركة بي إم دبليو نقطة تحول أخرى في عالَم الذكاء الاصطناعي، عندما هزم بطلين سابقين في لعبة Jeopardy!، وهي اللعبة التي تجمع بين المعرفة العامة والتفكير الجانبي الإبداعي. وكان التطور المهم الآخر متمثلا في فكرة "إنترنت الأشياء" الناشئة، والتي ستستمر في النمو بعد أن تصبح المزيد من الأدوات، والأجهزة المنزلية، والأجهزة التي يمكن ارتداؤها، وأجهزة الاستشعار متصلة بها وتبدأ في بث الرسائل على مدار الساعة. أي أننا لن نكون خاضعين لمراقبة الأخ الأكبر، بل ربما يراقبنا تريليون أخ أصغر.

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