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Разочарование от первого года Макри в Аргентине

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Экономика Аргентины переживает трудности. В прошлом году страна столкнулась со стагфляцией: ВВП упал на 2,3%, а инфляция достигла почти 40%. Повысился уровень нищеты, неравенства, безработицы. Внешний долг рос – и продолжает расти – пугающими темпами. Для президента Маурисио Макри это был, мягко говоря, удручающий первый год в должности.

Да, конечно, перед Макри стояла неподъёмная задача, когда он вступил в должность в декабре 2015 года. Экономика уже была нестабильной из-за непоследовательной макроэкономической политики, проводившейся его предшественницей Кристиной Фернандес де Киршнер. Эта политика привела к появлению дисбалансов, уничтожавших конкурентоспособность и валютные резервы страны и толкавших её к кризису платёжного баланса.

Но Макри тоже выбрал ошибочный подход к макроэкономической политике. Его администрации нужно было решать проблему бюджетных и внешних дисбалансов, не отменяя достигнутый в течение предыдущего десятилетия прогресс в уровне социальной инклюзивности. Однако его подходы, основные на четырёх ключевых принципах, не позволили этого достичь.

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