Argentina v časové smyčce

Argentina se lapila do časové smyčky. Politické a hospodářské reformy posledních deseti let ji měly vyvést z chronické ekonomické krize. V dubnu roku 1991 napojil ministr hospodářství Domingo Cavallo argentinské peso na americký dolar v poměru jedna ku jedné. Odstartoval tak radikální reformu. Ovšem po deseti letech se týž Señor Cavallo pokouší odrazit recesi a bojovat s nesplněnými předsevzetími vlády.

Argentinský krizový cyklus plete hlavu. Posledních deset let bylo svědkem privatizace hospodářských podniků a systému sociálního zabezpečení a liberalizace mezinárodního obchodu. Chronický rozpočtový deficit se dostal pod kontrolu, infrastruktura byla oživena a bankovní sektor posílen.

To vše – a navíc ještě měnová stabilizace, díky níž zahraniční investoři cpali peníze do země horem dolem – mělo za následek hospodářský rozmach, který trval do roku 1995. V tom roce ekonomiku zbrzdila finanční krize v Mexiku. Pak hospodářství výrazně posilovalo až do roku 1998. A od té doby čelí argentinská ekonomika pokračující recesi a vláda jen ztěží financuje státní dluh. Množí se obavy, že se jí to nepodaří.

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