Фанатичны ли жители Саудовской Аравии?

Террористические акты в Саудовской Аравии заставили многих задуматься не только над перспективами выживания правящей королевской семьи, но и над вопросом, не является ли королевство дисфункциональным и деструктивным в своей основе. Так или иначе, похоже, что саудовское общество вызвало поток сильного фанатизма, который питается чрезвычайной религиозной правоверностью.

Тот факт, что 15 из 19 террористов, захвативших 11 сентября 2001 года самолет и напавших на США, были жителями Саудовской Аравии, привел к тому, что королевство теперь еще долго будет рассматриваться как оплот авторитаризма и нетерпимости. В какой-то степени это представление верно, но оно не может быть верным по отношению ко всему саудовскому народу. Напротив, было бы серьезной ошибкой полагать, что фанатичный исламизм полностью определяет саудовское отношение к религии.

С 2001 по 2003 годы я входил в группу, которая проводила обширное исследование ценностей в Саудовской Аравии, Египте, Иране, и Иордании. Результаты нашего исследования дают удивительно полную картину саудовских отношений. По сравнению с опрошенными жителями других Ближневосточных странах, жители Саудовской Аравии в целом оказались менее религиозными, а их отношение к демократии и брак по договоренности еще более доказывают их скрытую умеренность.

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