沙特人到底算不算狂热份子?

恐怖袭击不仅让很多人对沙特政府的生存前景产生了疑虑,甚至催生了这样的观点:沙特王国本身是否运转不良,成了一个破坏性的国家。看起来,暴力狂热的逆流似乎在沙特社会中蔓延,而这股逆流的根源就是极端正统的宗教观念。

2001年9月11日袭击美国的19名劫机者中,居然有15名来自沙特。这一事实使长久以来就存在的一种看法渐趋明朗:即沙特是独裁主义和极端观点的大本营。某种程度上,上述观点并没有说错,但用来形容广大的沙特公众却并不合适。恰恰相反,如果认为伊斯兰狂热主义界定了沙特宗教观念的全部内涵,那就犯下了极为严重的错误。

2001到2003年间,我曾作为调研小组的一员,广泛调查了沙特阿拉伯、埃及、伊朗和约旦等国的价值观。调查的结果显示:沙特人的观点与人们的传统看法间有着很大的不同。与其它中东国家的答卷者相比,沙特人总体上没那么信奉宗教,他们对民主和包办婚姻的看法也显示出一股涌动的暗流。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/DCavM9G/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.