Ruined amusement park in Pripyat, Ukraine

人类是否比切尔诺贝利更糟?

朴茨茅斯——切尔诺贝利核事故已经过去了近三十年,科学界仍在就辐射对反应堆周围生态系统造成的影响争论不休。不久前,我和其他科学家一道对核电站周围无人区的动物进行了研究。

结果令人震惊:无论核辐射对动物造成了怎样的影响,人类居住所造成的后果似乎都更胜一筹。这样的结果不容回避地提醒人们:人类在栖息地的简单活动比21世纪最严重的环境灾难还要糟糕。

我们针对方圆2,200平方公里(合850平方英里)的白俄罗斯“波萊谢国家放射生态保护”隔离区的栖息动物进行了研究。灾难发生前,上述地区有22,000人,92座村庄,主要以耕种和林业资源开发为主。事故发生几天后,政府对地区居民及其所养殖的动物进行了疏散,以保护它们免受高剂量辐射。

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