Les banquiers gagnent-ils trop d'argent ?

LONDRES – Les revenus sont-ils surévalués dans le secteur financier ? Ce n'est évidemment pas le cas de tout le monde, car il faut compter avec les petits employés et le personnel de nettoyage qui appartiennent à cette catégorie et sont faiblement rémunérés. Mais peut-on justifier les énormes primes gagnées - ou plutôt "reçues" - par les cadres des banques d'investissement, les gestionnaires de hedge fund et des fonds d'investissement ?

Pour la plupart des gens la réponse est résolument Non. Les membres du Congrès américain et du Parlement britannique pensent exactement la même chose. Ils cherchent d'ailleurs à brider les firmes financières, sans grand succès jusqu'à présent, ainsi qu'on le voit avec les primes distribuées par Goldman Sachs après un dernier trimestre bénéficiaire.

Mais que veut-on dire en clamant que les banquiers gagnent trop d'argent ? Selon quel critère et en comparaison avec qui sont-ils surpayés ? Comme beaucoup de gens, j'ai tendance à estimer à priori que quiconque gagne plus que moi est surpayé, mais ce n'est pas un critère très objectif.

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