arab spring anniversary Chedly Ben Ibrahim/Corbis/Getty Images

«Арабская весна» и «Западная зима»

БЕЙРУТ – Можно найти множество поразительных параллелей между начавшейся в 2010 году Арабской весной и событиями прошлого года – референдум о Брексите в Великобритании, избрание президентом США Дональда Трампа, возрождение ультраправых сил в Европе. В каждом из этих случаев прежний порядок пал, а прогрессивные партии оказались слишком слабы, чтобы противостоять возникновению авторитарных и ксенофобских форм управления государством.

В основе арабских восстаний в 2010-2011 годах лежало нараставшее недовольство ситуацией статус-кво, и у этого недовольства было множество причин, при этом оппозиция могла принимать как прогрессивные, так и консервативные формы. Представители среднего класса были недовольны утратой достоинства под управлением никому не подотчётной элиты. Молодым людям не нравилось будущее, которое выглядело особенно мрачным в сравнении с ожиданиями поколения родителей. Тем временем, исламисты разжигали моральную оппозицию против утраты обществом этических ценностей.

Всё это знакомые темы дебатов, которые сейчас идут в странах Запада: здесь растёт количество недовольных белых, а также лишившихся привычной работы трудящихся и разочарованной молодёжи. По мере того как экономический либерализм постепенно вытеснял старые принципы равенства и социальной солидарности, стали возникать огромные разрывы в уровне богатства, что отрицательно, коррупционно влияло на политику во многих западных странах.

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