Primavera árabe, otoño occidental

TEL AVIV – La antigua vocación de lo que Rudyard Kipling llamó "La carga del hombre blanco" -la idea motriz detrás de la búsqueda por parte de Occidente de la hegemonía global desde los tiempos de la expansión imperial en el siglo XIX hasta la actual intervención patéticamente inconclusa en Libia- claramente se quedó sin aliento. Política y económicamente exhaustos, y atentos a electorados que claman por un giro de las prioridades hacia las preocupaciones internas urgentes, Europa y Estados Unidos ya no son capaces de imponer sus valores e intereses a través de intervenciones militares costosas en tierras lejanas.

El secretario de Defensa de Estados Unidos, Robert Gates, dijo algo obvio cuando recientemente fustigó a los miembros europeos de la OTAN por su tibia respuesta a las misiones de la alianza, y por sus deficientes capacidades militares. (A diez semanas de haberse iniciado los combates en Libia, los europeos ya se estaban quedando sin municiones). Gates advirtió que si la actitud de Europa hacia la OTAN no cambiaba, la Alianza se degeneraría hasta convertirse en una "irrelevancia militar colectiva".

La negativa de Europa a participar en misiones militares no debería tomarse como una revelación. El Viejo Continente ha estado inmerso desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial en un discurso "post-histórico" que descarta el uso de la fuerza como una manera de resolver conflictos, mucho menos de provocar un cambio de régimen. Y ahora está involucrado en una lucha fatídica para asegurar la propia existencia y la viabilidad de la Unión Europea. En consecuencia, Europa se está replegando en una perspectiva regional estrecha -suponiendo que Estados Unidos soportará la carga de las principales cuestiones globales.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/0uJhnHO/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now