Realismo sobre a Coreia do Norte

BERLIM – A tarefa que o mundo enfrenta, ao lidar com as ameaças de guerra da Coreia do Norte, não é facilitada por se tratar de um confronto com um país empobrecido e efectivamente derrotado. Pelo contrário, é em tais circunstâncias que é mais necessária uma prudência calma.

O génio do Príncipe Klemen von Metternich do Império dos Habsburgos, ao definir uma nova ordem internacional após as Guerras Napoleónicas, consistiu em não empurrar para um canto uma França derrotada. Apesar de Metternich ter procurado impedir qualquer possível ressurgimento Francês, restabeleceu as fronteiras da França anteriores à guerra.

Pelo contrário, como Henry Kissinger argumentou, os vencedores da I Guerra Mundial não podiam nem reprimir uma Alemanha derrotada nem fornecer-lhe incentivos para aceitar o Tratado de Versalhes. Em vez disso, impuseram condições duras, esperando enfraquecer a Alemanha de modo permanente. Sabe-se como esse plano terminou.

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