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Доверие к рынкам и антимонопольное регулирование СМИ

ЛОНДОН – В этом году Всемирный экономический форум в Давосе проходил в момент замешательства в среде мировых экономических и финансовых элит. Глобальная экономика в последнее время находится в достаточно хорошем состоянии, однако избиратели восстали против этих элит.

Несмотря на проблемы и слабые места, о которых много говорится, в последние годы было множество хороших экономических новостей. Благодаря глобализации и техническому прогрессу, с 2009 года средние темпы роста глобального ВВП в пересчёте на душу населения удерживаются на уровне 2,5% в год. Это меньше, чем до Великой рецессии, но, тем не менее, очень высоко по историческим стандартам. Доля мирового населения, живущего за чертой бедности, за последние 35 лет сократилась с 40% до всего лишь 10%.

Возможно, самой острой причиной недовольства в прошлом году было неравенство. Однако на глобальном уровне неравенство снижается. И хотя в некоторых развитых странах неравенство увеличивается, этот рост не был каким-то особенно резким, его темпы остаются умеренными.

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