antibiotics Andrew Aitchison/Getty Images

La cooperazione globale: una questione di vita o di morte

LONDRA – L’incertezza creata dal recente voto del Regno Unito a favore dell’uscita dall’Unione europea, che ha anche provocato una serie di ondate d’urto sui mercati globali, ha dominato le prime pagine dei giornali. Ma mentre ci prepariamo ad affrontare dei nuovi test politici, non dobbiamo perdere di vista le sfide sanitarie globali che abbiamo già di fronte a noi come l’aumento del fenomeno della resistenza antimicrobica (antimicrobial resistance, AMR) che prescinde dalla performance economica o dalla stabilità politica.

Allo stato attuale, ogni anno circa 700.000 persone muoiono a causa di infezioni causate da batteri resistenti ai farmaci. Entro il 2050 questa cifra potrebbe aumentare vertiginosamente arrivando a dieci milioni di persone l’anno ad un costo cumulativo di 100 trilioni di dollari in rapporto al PIL mondiale.

Per evitare un simile risultato, a maggio la Revisione della resistenza antimicrobica, di cui sono alla guida, ha pubblicato la sua strategia per contrastare queste infezioni delineando delle proposte che garantiscono lo sviluppo di nuovi anitibiotici e definiscono un utilizzo più efficiente degli antibiotici esistenti sugli esseri umani e nell’agricoltura. Dei dieci principali interventi che abbiamo proposto, quattro sono particolarmente importanti:

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  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

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    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

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    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

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    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

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    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.