antibiotics Andrew Aitchison/Getty Images

Роды в эпоху антимикробной резистентности

ЖЕНЕВА/НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Король Генрих VIII, Жан-Жак Руссо и Мэри Шелли, автор романа «Франкенштейн», потеряли своих матерей из-за вызванных родами инфекций. В литературе можно встретить множество трагических историй о смерти матерей: «Рождественская песнь», «Грозовой перевал», «Вдали от обезумевшей толпы», «Прощай, оружие!», «Дорога перемен», «Лолита», «Гарри Поттер».

Но тема материнской и младенческой смертности не ограничивается историей, а тем более художественным вымыслом. Каждый год более 30 000 женщин и 400 000 младенцев умирают от инфекций во время родов. Большая часть этих смертей приходится на страны с низким уровнем доходов. Ситуация будет лишь ухудшаться, поскольку антибиотики, позволяющие лечить инфекции, становятся менее эффективны из-за появления бактерий, устойчивых к их воздействию.

По оценкам, ежегодно более 200 000 младенцев умирают от инфекций, которые не реагируют на существующие лекарства. Исследования данных из крупных больниц и роддомов, где микробы с большей вероятностью вырабатывают устойчивость к антибиотикам, показывают, что примерно в 40% случаях инфекции у новорожденных устойчивы к стандартным методам лечения.

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