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耐药菌时代的婴儿出生

日内瓦/纽约——亨利八世国王、让·雅克·卢梭、玛丽·雪莱、《弗兰肯斯坦》一书的作者都因分娩感染失去了母亲,而文学作品中产妇死亡的故事比比皆是,从《圣诞颂歌》《呼啸山庄》《远离尘世》《永别了,武器》《革命之路》《洛丽塔》《哈利·波特》

但产妇和婴儿死亡不仅发生在过去,更不止发生在小说当中。每年死于出生感染的有40多万新生儿和30多万妇女。这样的死亡多数发生在低收入国家,而且随着治疗感染的抗生素随耐药菌的出现效力越来越差,情况只会变得越来越严重。

根据目前的统计,每年超过200,000新生儿死于不对现有药物产生任何反应的感染。而大医院数据研究——微生物在大医院里更容易产生耐药性——估计约40%的新生儿感染对标准治疗不产生反应。

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