Monsanto genetically m odified corn Brent Stirton/Getty Images

El Tratado sobre Semillas va en contra de la ciencia

STANFORD – En septiembre, Estados Unidos ratificó el Tratado Internacional sobre Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura, conocido como el Tratado Internacional sobre Semillas. Al igual que tantos acuerdos internacionales redactados bajo los auspicios de las Naciones Unidas, está plagado de errores. En efecto, el Tratado sobre Semillas es un fiasco políticamente correcto en contra de la tecnología.

Sin duda, el tratado, que entró en vigencia en 2004, nace de algunas intenciones loables. Pero básicamente es un embrollo de aspiraciones quiméricas, traducido en restricciones legales draconianas sobre el intercambio de recursos genéticos (principalmente semillas) entre países. La falta de realidad de las metas del tratado se hace evidente en la declaración oficial de sus objetivos: "la conservación y el uso sustentable de todos los recursos fotogenéticos para la alimentación y la agricultura y la distribución justa y equitativa de los beneficios que surjan de su uso, en armonía con la Convención sobre Diversidad Biológica, para la agricultura sustentable y la seguridad alimenticia".

El principio rector del Tratado sobre Semillas es que los recursos genéticos entran dentro del "derecho soberano" de los estados miembro (vale decir, los gobiernos). Esto representa un rechazo explícito de la visión de larga data de que los recursos genéticos en las plantas y los animales son la "herencia común de la humanidad". Desafía la noción de que ciertos recursos globales, considerados beneficiales para todos, no deberían ser explotados unilateralmente y monopolizados por individuos, estados, corporaciones u otras entidades, sino que más bien deberían ser gestionados de manera tal que beneficien a toda la humanidad.

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