American construction workers Spencer Platt/Getty Images


伯克利—根据主流经济学理论,全球化会“让所有船都浮起来”,而对于广义收入分配,几乎没有影响。但“全球化”并不只是取消关税和其他让本国有政治影响力的生产商拥有寻租优势的进口壁垒。哈佛大学经济学家丹尼·罗德里克(Dani Rodrik)频繁指出,经济学理论预测,消除关税和非关税壁垒确实会带来净收益;但也会造成大规模再分配,其中消除较小壁垒所带来的再分配相对净收益更大。



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