High Angle View Of Fossil Dinosaur On Sand At Beach Getty Images

新的自然界

约克—六千六百万年前,一个天体撞击了地球,让恐龙灭绝。哺乳类动物因此获得了生存空间,并最终演化出有工具武装、具备语言能力的直立猿类,有人认为,它们的力量对地球的改变之大几乎可以和那颗小天体相提并论。随着我们进入所谓的人类世,人类活动主导着气候和环境影响,我们必须认真仔细地审视我们如何使用这一力量。

很多人认为世界正在变得越来越“不自然”——被人类所毒害。但考虑到人类系在世界生态系统中演化而成,我们所做的每一件事——杀绝物种、毁灭森林、污染大气——都可以视为演化过程的自然产物。

根据这一逻辑,世界并没有因为我们改变了它而变得不那么自然。可以说,环保主义者和保守主义者所奉行让环境恢复过去的自己是在与自然作对。当今世界的现实是根本不可能完全将生物界的人类与非人类影响区分开来。

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