调整中的政府职能

北京—今年的中国发展论坛清楚揭示了中国领导人准备如何实现“中国梦”。习近平主席将“中国梦”描述为“国家富强、民族振兴、人民幸福。”。问题在于政府如何贯彻这一宏伟的改革发展计划。

去年11月的中共十八届三中全会制定了需在2020年前落实的改革方案,涵盖60个领域的330多项重大改革,改革的广度、深度和复杂度前所未有。实现中国从以制造和出口为基础的经济模式向由消费和服务驱动的经济模式的转变,即包容性、环境可持续性,同时每年创造1,300多万个就业岗位。这是一项极其艰巨的任务。除此之外,中国政府还面临维护金融和社会稳定的挑战,与此同时需要管理好世界最庞大的官僚机构。任务之艰巨令人难以置信。

以去年夏天政府财政状况的评估为例。国家审计署需要动员55,400位工作人员审查各级政府的账目,包括中央政府以及31个省和自治区、5个直辖市、391个市、2,778个县、33,091个农村社区。整个调查涵盖62,215个政府部门和机构、7,170家地方政府融资机构、68,621家公共财政支持的机构、2,235家上市公司以及14,129家其他机构——总计730,065个项目和2,454,635项债务。

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