Анатомия тэтчеризма

Лондон. В этом месяце тридцать лет назад Маргарет Тэтчер пришла к власти. Несмотря на обусловленность местными условиями, революция Тэтчер (или в более широком понимании Тэтчер-Рейгана) стала тотчас узнаваемым глобальным брендом за ряд идей, которые способствовали политике движения к свободным от правительственного вмешательства рынкам. Спустя тридцать лет мир переживает резкий экономический спад, и многие люди соотносят глобальный кризис именно с этими идеями.

И не только партии левого толка считают, что англо-саксонская модель капитализма потерпела крах. Ее считают виновной за практически состоявшееся финансовое банкротство. Однако 30-летний ретроспективный взгляд позволяет нам судить о том, какие элементы революции Тэтчер следует сохранить, а какие следует дополнить в свете сегодняшнего экономического кризиса.

Очевидно, что больше всего в дополнении нуждается взгляд на то, что рынки, минимально управляемые и регулируемые, более стабильны и динамичны, чем те, которые подвержены всесторонней правительственной интервенции. Предположение тэтчеризма, другими словами, заключалось в том, что провал правительства гораздо опаснее для процветания, чем крах рынка.

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