Pitva thatcherismu

Londýn – Tento měsíc před třiceti lety nastoupila Margaret Thatcherová k moci. Thatcherovskou (či obecněji thatcherovsko-reaganovskou) revoluci sice vyvolaly místní poměry, ale stala ihned rozeznatelnou globální značkou pro soubor idejí, které nabádaly politiky k osvobozování trhů od vládních zásahů. Po třech desetiletích se ocitáme v propadu a mnoho lidí připisuje celosvětovou krizi právě těmto idejím.

I mimo okruh politické levice se angloamerický model kapitalismu považuje za zkrachovalý. Přičítá se mu vina za to, že téměř došlo k finančnímu zhroucení. Zpětný pohled na 30 let vývoje nám však dává možnost posoudit, které prvky thatcherovské revoluce by bylo vhodné zachovat a které je třeba ve světle dnešního celosvětového hospodářského propadu napravit.

Nejzjevněji potřebná je korekce názoru, že minimálně řízené a regulované trhy jsou jak stabilnější, tak dynamičtější než trhy podléhající rozsáhlé vládní intervenci. Jinými slovy, thatcherovským předpokladem bylo, že selhání vlády je pro prosperitu mnohem hrozivější než selhání trhu.

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