不平衡的重负

中国和印度的经济繁荣有助于减轻全球的不平衡。在过去的二十年里,印度人和中国人缩小了他们与富裕国家的差距(相对而言)。

但同时,许多世界上真正贫穷的国家变得更为落后(特别是在发展常常被形容为灾难的非洲),并且大多数国家内部的不平衡变得更为严重。日益扩大的不平衡在美国(自里根政府时期开始)、英国(自撒切尔政府时期开始)都有记录,它还出现在俄罗斯的私有化进程中,最近更是表现在中国和印度。

这些情况似乎加剧了全球的不平衡。因此,从总体上讲,全球的不平衡状况在过去的20年里似乎保持了相对的稳定。

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