La crise des idées au sein du conservatisme américain

BERKELEY – Trois ouvrages récents sont aujourd’hui posés sur mon bureau : The Battle de Arthur Brooks, Coming Apart de Charles Murray, et A Nation of Takers de Nicholas Eberstadt. Cet ensemble représente un mouvement intellectuel important qui se trouve aussi constituer la principale raison pour laquelle le discours Conservateur américain a peu de choses constructives à dire sur la gestion économique – et peu d’attrait aux yeux de l’électorat centriste américain.

Mais remontons l’histoire jusqu’aux fondations de ce que nous pourrions aujourd’hui appeler le conservatisme moderne dans la France et la Grande Bretagne du début du dix-neuvième siècle. Certains – comme Frédéric Bastiat et Jean-Baptiste Say par exemple – estimaient que le gouvernement devait faire réaliser les travaux d’infrastructures par les sans emplois lorsque les marchés ou la production étaient temporairement perturbés. Mais ils étaient contrebalancés par ceux, tel Nassau Senior, qui s’exprimaient même contre une intervention de secours en cas de famine : même si un million de personnes devait disparaitre de famine causée par une maladie de la pomme de terre, comme durant la grande famine d’Irlande, « cela serait à peine suffisant. »

Le fondement principal du conservatisme à ses origines était une profonde opposition à toute forme de sécurité sociale : enrichir les pauvres les rendrait plus fertiles. Il en découlerait une réduction de la taille des fermes (au gré de la division des terres entre un plus grand nombre d’enfants), une chute de la productivité, et les pauvres n’en seraient que plus pauvres. La sécurité sociale n’était pas considérée comme inutile ; elle était contreproductive.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/eHPx88v/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now