Америка стреляет в саму себя

Одной из жертв войны с терроризмом - или скорее способа ведения войны Соединенными Штатами - является уменьшение влияния Соединенных Штатов на поддержку прав человека во всем мире. Для международного движения в защиту прав человека это серьезное затруднение.

На протяжении более четверти века, с тех пор, как продвижение прав человека во всем мире стало явной и общепризнанной целью внешней политики Соединенных Штатов при президенте Джимми Картере, американское влияние играло ведущую роль в смягчении злоупотреблений. Последствия были наиболее серьезными в странах, которые когда-то входили в советскую империю, но они распространялись и на другие регионы.

Даже там, где Соединенные Штаты поддерживали режимы, которые серьезно нарушали права человека - или служили защитником таких нарушений, потому что другие национальные интересы должны были рассматриваться в первую очередь - часто движение в защиту прав человека могло смутить Вашингтон, делая его главным суррогатным виновником оскорблений, нанесенных клиентам, которых оно защищало. В 80-х гг. этот подход сосредоточил внимание на злоупотреблениях в зонах конфликтов в Центральной Америке и в Ираке Саддама Хуссейна, которому благоприятствовала администрация Рэйгана в своей борьбе с врагом Америки, Ираном Аятолаха Хомейни. Так иногда она косвенным способом достигала того, что не могла сделать прямо: усиление американского влияния для поддержки прав человека.

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