Le « pivot » désaxé des Etats-Unis

NEW DELHI – Le premier voyage à l'étranger du président Barack Obama après la victoire de son second mandat met en évidence la nouvelle centralité de l'Asie par rapport à l'économie et à la sécurité des Etats-Unis. Mais la tournée d'Obama en Asie souligne également la principale question de la politique américaine dans la région : le « pivot » des Etats-Unis vers l'Asie va-t-il acquérir un contenu stratégique effectif, ou bien restera-t-il en grande partie un nouvel emballage rhétorique pour de vieilles mesures politiques ?

Les États-Unis, prompts à tirer parti des préoccupations régionales déclenchées par l'affirmation de soi de plus en plus musclée de la Chine, ont renforcé leurs liens militaires avec leurs alliés asiatiques existants et ont forgé des relations de sécurité avec de nouveaux amis. Mais le grisant retour des Etats-Unis au premier plan en Asie a obscurci ses principaux défis, pour demeurer un point d'ancrage principal de sécurité dans la région, face aux ambitions stratégiques de la Chine.

Un de ces défis est le besoin d'arrêter l'érosion du pouvoir relatif des Etats-Unis, ce qui exige à son tour un complet renouvellement de la politique intérieure, dont en particulier l'assainissement des finances publiques. Mais la nécessité d'une réduction des dépenses soulève également l'éventualité que les Etats-Unis soient incapables de financer un changement militaire vers la région Asie-Pacifique, ou pire encore, qu'ils soient forcés de se replier.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.