Paul Lachine

美国的三大赤字

伯克利——新年伊始的一系列报告都在令人兴奋地表明,美国经济复苏得到了提振。就业岗位创造速度增加了,制造业和服务业指标改善了,消费支出也要强于预期。但是,不要高兴得太早了。

美国的产出增长依然相当低迷,美国经济依然面临三大赤字:就业赤字、投资赤字和长期财政赤字,这三大赤字都不可能在选举年得到解决。

尽管如今产出已经高于2007年第四季度,但仍要比劳动力和产能充分调动情形低很多。其中的缺口——即实际产出和潜在产出之差——大约在GDP的7%(1万亿美元)以上。

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