美国自杀式的治国之策

自从赢得冷战以来,美国的全球性霸权依赖于三大支柱,即经济实力、军事力量及其输出大众文化的巨大能力。最近新的强权像欧盟、中国、印度以及力争恢复其失去的地位的俄国等的兴起已经侵蚀了美国单方面主宰世界事务的能力。

即使如此,美国依旧是世界上最为强大的国家;其衰落与其运用其实力不当有关,其程度超过竞争对手的崛起。借用英国历史学家汤因比简练又力的话来说,美国的境况应当归咎于美国领导人“自杀式的治国之策”。汤因比用这一词语来总结帝国崩溃的最终原因。

让我们来考虑一下中东的情况。美国在1991年第一次海湾战争期间冷静地使用武力,而在如今的伊拉克战争中却充满傲慢和欺骗。没有任何事情比这两者的对比更可以解释美国在该地区的衰落了。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/JK8pXdN/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.