Америка отступает из Азии

Запланированный вывод войск Соединённых Штатов, о котором президент Джордж Буш объявил 16 августа, не обязательно нанесёт вред миру и стабильности в этом регионе и, в частности, в Корее. Но ключевым условием для того, чтобы передислокация войск США прошла гладко, является проведение Америкой подробных консультаций со своими союзниками, чего до самого последнего момента не делалось.

Мнение Южной Кореи и Японии должно быть всерьёз принято во внимание, если Соединённые Штаты хотят, чтобы этот вывод войск - теперь уже неизбежный - окончился успешно. И наоборот, одностороннее объявление о выводе войск - а затем одностороннее его осуществление - может повредить самой цели, ради которой остаётся в Азии часть войск США: обеспечению сдерживания, стабильности и нераспространения оружия массового уничтожения в Корее и в Азии.

План вывода даёт бесчисленные поводы для беспокойства. В Японии тревожатся из-за того, что это сделает страну передовым командным постом Америки в Азии, возможно, в большей степени, чем это предусмотрено её двусторонним договором о безопасности с США. Одним из результатов является то, что Китай нервничает по поводу последствий расширения американо-японского военного партнёрства.

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