El debate equivocado sobre la inmigración en Estados Unidos

En los Estados Unidos está empezando un debate sobre inmigración que recogerá varias propuestas. Entre ellas está un detestable proyecto de ley - que la Cámara de Representantes ya aprobó - que ordena la construcción de un muro a lo largo de la frontera México-EU y califica el ingreso no autorizado al país como delito grave.

El Senado estadounidense también considerará un proyecto de ley formulado en conjunto por el Senador Edward Kennedy y el Senador John McCain que propone una aplicación más firme de la ley en la frontera, un programa de trabajadores temporales que pueda conducir a la residencia y la ciudadanía y la legalización de quienes ya se encuentran en Estados Unidos sin documentos. Otra idea es exigir que cualquier persona que esté en los EU y que quiera regularizar su calidad migratoria regrese a su país y haga la cola ahí.

El último componente es retórico en buena medida. Es difícil imaginar que un mexicano que ya esté en los EU regrese voluntariamente a Zacatecas, digamos, a esperar pacientemente su nueva visa. El Presidente George W. Bush ha estado evitando el asunto desde que se comprometió a llegar a un acuerdo sobre inmigración con México cuando visitó al Presidente Vicente Fox en Guanajuato hace casi exactamente cinco años.

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