Mylně vedená americká debata o imigraci

V Senátu Spojených států začíná debata o imigraci, která se bude zabývat několika návrhy. Mezi nimi je i odporný návrh zákona – Sněmovnou reprezentantů už schválený –, který ustanovuje výstavbu zdi podél americko-mexické hranice a neoprávněný vstup do USA klasifikuje jako těžký zločin.

Senát USA rovněž zváží návrh zákona, jehož spoluautory jsou senátoři Edward Kennedy a John McCain a který navrhuje silnější hraniční ostrahu, program pro přechodně zaměstnané s možností získat trvalý pobyt a občanství a legalizaci lidí, kteří už v USA jsou bez dokladů. Další myšlenkou je požadovat od všech, kdo v USA chtějí své postavení přistěhovalce legalizovat, aby se vrátili domů a tam čekali v pořadníku.

Tento poslední prvek je z velké části jen rétorika; jen těžko si lze představit Mexičana, který už je v USA, a přece se vrátí řekněme do Zacatecasu, aby tu trpělivě čekal v pořadníku na nová víza. Prezident George W. Bush tuto otázku obchází od doby, kdy se zavázal k uzavření dohody o přistěhovalectví s Mexikem, když téměř přesně před pěti lety navštívil prezidenta Vicenta Foxe v Guanajuatu.

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