Obamova nedostatečně úspěšná zahraniční politika

PAŘÍŽ – Hodnotit výkon amerického prezidenta v oblasti zahraniční politiky po jednom funkčním období je vcelku obtížné vzhledem ke složitému diplomatickému a strategickému prostředí a značným domácím omezením, s nimiž se každý americký prezident potýká. V předvečer listopadových prezidentských voleb je však důležité rozpoznat síly, které utvářely zahraniční politiku Baracka Obamy, a vyhodnotit, jak si s nimi poradil.

Obama dodržel slib, že během svého prvního funkčního období stáhne americké jednotky z Iráku. Tento krok se však ukázal jako strategická porážka vzhledem k tomu, že podstatně umenšil politický vliv Spojených států v Iráku. Vláda premiéra Núrího Málikího začíná být stále větším spojencem Íránu. Obamovi, který se stavěl proti válce v Iráku, by se současná situace v této zemi neměla vyčítat. Nepodařilo se mu však situaci zlepšit ani pomoci iráckým šíitům a sunnitům dosáhnout politického kompromisu.

Naopak v Afghánistánu – který pokládal za konflikt z nutnosti – Obama válku rozšířil a zatlačil Taliban do defenzívy. Po roce 2014 však USA začnou vojáky stahovat i z této země, aniž definovaly politické řešení, které by bylo v souladu s jejich zájmy.

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