Americká příležitost G nula

NEW YORK – Finanční krize roku 2008 přinesla konec globálního řádu, jak jsme jej znali. Před nadcházejícím summitem G8 nelze přehlédnout fakt, že poprvé za posledních sedmdesát let Spojené státy nedokážou být hybatelem mezinárodní agendy ani zajistit globální vedení u všech nejnaléhavějších problémů dneška.

Ostatně USA svou zahraniční přítomnost přistřihly, když odmítly přispět k finanční záchraně eurozóny, zasáhnout v Sýrii či nasadit sílu k potlačení jaderného průlomu v Íránu (vzdor silné izraelské podpoře). Prezident Barack Obama oficiálně ukončil válku v Iráku a americké vojáky stahuje z Afghánistánu tempem, které brzdí jen nutnost zachovat si tvář. Amerika předává štafetový kolík lídra – třebaže žádná jiná země ani skupina zemí neprojevuje ochotu jej převzít.

Krátce, zahraniční politika USA může být stejně aktivní jako dřív, ale jde do útlumu a je mnohem přísnější na své priority. Řada globálních výzev – namátkou změna klimatu, obchod, vyčerpávání zdrojů, mezinárodní bezpečnost, kybernetické války a šíření jaderných zbraní – bude tudíž vzbuzovat vážnější obavy.

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