Il peculiare conservatorismo fiscale americano

WASHINGTON, DC – Nella maggior parte dei paesi del mondo essere "conservatori fiscali" significa avere molto a cuore i temi del disavanzo e del debito, e metterli sempre in cima all'agenda politica. Oggi, in molti paesi dell'Eurozona, i "conservatori fiscali" rappresentano un gruppo potente che spinge per incrementare le entrate statali, mantenendo la spesa sotto controllo. Persino in Gran Bretagna i leader conservatori si sono recentemente detti pronti ad aumentare le tasse e a cercare di contenere la spesa futura.

Gli Stati Uniti seguono una linea diversa al riguardo. I leader politici americani che scelgono di definirsi "conservatori fiscali", come Paul Ryan, candidato alla vicepresidenza a fianco di Mitt Romney, in corsa per la presidenza alle prossime elezioni, pensano più a ridurre le tasse, a prescindere dagli effetti che ciò potrebbe avere sul disavanzo federale e sul totale del debito insoluto. Perché i conservatori fiscali americani si preoccupano così poco del debito pubblico rispetto ai loro colleghi di altri Paesi?

Le cose non sono sempre andate così. Nel 1960, ad esempio, i consiglieri del Presidente Dwight D. Eisenhower suggerirono a quest'ultimo di ridurre le tasse per spianare la strada all'elezione di Richard Nixon, suo vice, alla presidenza. Eisenhower ignorò il consiglio, un po' perché non nutriva particolare simpatia e fiducia nei confronti di Nixon, ma soprattutto perché riteneva importante consegnare al successore un bilancio quasi in pareggio.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.