美国的就业和增长挑战

纽约——

对许多——如果不是绝大多数的话——美国人来说,2008年的危机——它带来了增长萎靡、失业高企、选民情绪严重焦虑——仿佛是飞来横祸。是的,绝大多数经济学家、投资分析师、金融企业还有监管者都没能发现潜滋暗长的风险。事实上,这次危机有着深层次的根源。

虽然危机发生的具体时刻是不可能预测的,但风险的增加、扭曲、结构性问题和失衡等现象已给了我们足够的信号,任何人只要花时间研究一下十年来的债务累积、储蓄低下、资产价格飙涨和过度消费,就都不难发现危机端倪。在危机爆发之前,美国在不可持续的增长道路上至少已经走了十年甚至更长时间。

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