Las elecciones de la crisis en Estados Unidos

CAMBRIDGE –  El 4 de noviembre, los estadounidenses elegirán a su 44° presidente en medio del peor desorden financiero que ha atravesado el país desde el principio de la Gran Depresión en 1929. Ambos candidatos son senadores con poca experiencia en labores ejecutivas, de manera que su capacidad para manejar la crisis se ha convertido en un tema central de las elecciones.

Al principio de la campaña, muchos observadores predijeron que Iraq sería la cuestión más importante en 2008. En cambio, lo es la crisis financiera. En principio esto debería favorecer a Barack Obama y los demócratas, porque las encuestas muestran que son más fuertes en temas económicos, mientras que los republicanos y John McCain se desempeñan mejor en cuestiones de seguridad. Después de la convención republicana, las encuestas daban la ventaja a McCain a principios de septiembre, pero tras la debacle financiera, Obama tomó la delantera.

Si bien ambos candidatos han aceptado con cautela el rescate de 700 mil millones de dólares del sector financiero, los contrastes entre los dos son marcados. Obama no sólo es el primer candidato afroamericano de un partido principal, sino también uno de los más jóvenes que ha habido jamás. McCain tiene experiencia como aviador naval y más de dos décadas en el senado. Si resulta electo, sería el presidente entrante más viejo.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/FsBTwZi/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now