Америка снижает скорость?

НЬЮПОРТ-БИЧ. Если судить по рынкам и по «ожиданию согласия», экономические перспективы Соединенных Штатов сбивают с толку. Один день страна на грани двойной рецессии; на следующий день ‑ накануне быстрейшего выздоровления, которому способствуют неунывающие потребители и многонациональные компании США, начавшие, наконец, вкладывать свои большие резервы наличности. В процессе, рынки берут инвесторов на дикую прогулку на американских горках, во время которой европейский кризис (еще более загадочный из-за путаницы и непостоянства) способствует усилению чувства тошноты.

Это ситуация и понятна, и становится все более тревожной для благополучия Америки и для благополучия глобальной экономики. Она отражает влияние фундаментальных (и исторических) экономических и финансовых перегруппировок, недостаточных политических откликов и негибкости системы, которая препятствует структурным изменениям. В результате, сейчас возникают законные вопросы по поводу основ функционирования экономики США и, соответственно, ее эволюции в ближайшие месяцы и годы.

Один из способов понять нынешние условия – и того, что необходимо, чтобы улучшить их – это рассмотреть два события, которые недавно привлекли значительное внимание всего мира: запуск «Дримлайнера», пассажирского самолета компании Боинг, и трагическую смерть руководителя компании Apple Стива Джобса.

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