替代能源的可选方案

弗吉尼亚海滩——

长期的能源供应问题近几十年来一直存在,而且正滑向危机。日本的这场灾难事实上最终可能达到中东地区几十年来的冲突所没有达到的效果:迫使各国政府投资研发切实可行的替代能源。

眼下对日本这场灾难的政治回应是对已知的能源(包括风能和太阳能)进行小幅的政策调整。但目前许多国家政府都选择的这种方案恐怕不会产生什么效果。例如,生产用来捕获和储存太阳能电力的材料与许多传统燃料一样,会对环境造成严重损害,而现有的风能和太阳能技术轻易也满足不了庞大人口的需求。

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