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sachs314_Julian Stratenschultepicture alliance via Getty Images_harvest

促进可持续发展的粮食问题

纽约——养活一个77亿人口的星球绝非易事。地球上每个人都需要、希望而且有权利享受健康饮食。而每位农民都需要、期望并有权利过上体面的生活。地球上约1,000万其他物种同时需要能够生存下去的栖息地。同时,每家生产、加工和运输粮食的企业都需要而且希望获得利润。

这是一项艰巨的任务——现在并没有实现这一目标。超过8.2亿人长期处于饥饿状态。另有大约20亿人患有微量元素缺乏症,如缺乏维生素或蛋白质。约6.5亿成年人处于肥胖状态,这种流行病部分是由于食用含有糖、饱和脂肪和其他化学添加剂的超加工食品所致。

但到目前为止,问题绝不仅仅限于饥饿和饮食领域。今天的农业、工业实践是森林砍伐、淡水枯竭及污染、土壤侵蚀和生物多样性崩溃的主要理由 。更重要的是,部分由食品行业造成的人类所引发的气候变化正在严重破坏农作物生产。随着未来气候进一步变暖和人口进一步增长,除非做出决定性的改变,否则危机将会进一步恶化。

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