Road sign in Algeria

Algérie : dangers et espérances

MADRID – Cinq ans après le début de ce qu’on appelait alors le Printemps arabe, l’espoir qui fut la marque de ces révolutions, soldées par de longs et violents conflits, en est presque partout anéanti, et aucune solution ne semble en vue. Parmi toutes ces dissensions, la communauté internationale n’a pas accordé beaucoup d’attention à l’Algérie, où l’esprit révolutionnaire fut étouffé, mais souffle à nouveau. Aujourd’hui pourtant, le sort de l’Algérie est de retour sur les écrans radar du monde – ce n’est pas trop tôt.

Le 7 février, le parlement algérien a voté le nouveau train de réformes constitutionnelles, qui limitent notamment à deux mandats le maintien au pouvoir du président (Abdelaziz Bouteflika, dernier dirigeant historique de la guerre d’Indépendance, est à la tête de l’État depuis 1999) et reconnaissent un certain nombre de libertés fondamentales. Ces mesures, en préparation depuis 2011, ont pour but de renforcer le statut démocratique de l’Algérie, mais elles sont la cible, pour leur insuffisance, d’abondantes critiques.

On ne peut douter que ces réformes surviennent à un moment sensible, alors que l’Algérie est en proie aux incertitudes politiques et économiques. Le « consensus » censé déterminer la vie politique algérienne paralyse en fait depuis de nombreuses années les prises de décision. Malade, le président Bouteflika n’a pas été vu en public depuis plus d’un an et l’on commence à se poser des questions sur le déroulement des élections de 2019. Les efforts déployés ces trois dernières années pour restreindre le pouvoir des services de renseignement et de sécurité – en septembre, Mohamed Mediène, qui dirigeait depuis 1990 les services de renseignement à été contraint de prendre sa retraite – ne sont qu’une des sources et qu’une des manifestations de la tension politique palpable.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.