Суд над Аланом Гринспеном

Выход в свет написанных за Алана Гринспена его мемуаров «Век турбулентности» повлек за собой обвинения в его адрес, что он вовсе не был таким великим банкиром центрального банка. Стен Коллендер, журналист «Нэшнл Джорнал» , говорит о том, что след этих нападок ведет в Белый дом: Гринсепен сурово критикует администрацию Буша, а выражать недоверие бывшим политикам-республиканцам, критикующим Буша – это стандартное возмездие за такое поведение. Однако, что же подлежит критике в период нахождения Гринспена во главе Федеральной резервной системы?

Обвинение содержит четыре пункта: Гринспен ошибочно поддерживал рост нестандартных ипотек с регулируемой процентной ставкой, что привело к кризису на рынке жилья; он ошибочно поддержал уменьшение налогов по предложению Буша; он должен был обуздать кризис рынка ценных бумаг 1990-х годов; он должен был сделать то же самое во время кризиса недвижимого имущества 2000-х годов.

Сейчас Гринспен признает себя виновным по первым двум пунктам. Он говорит, что не понимал, как рост нестандартных ипотек подвиг заемщиков и инвесторов взвалить на себя опасные риски. Как Гринспен говорит сегодня, в те времена он делал больше ставку на то, что ипотеки с фиксированной процентной ставкой будут относительно невыгодной сделкой во время низкой инфляции, что было ошибкой.

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