china pollution Let Ideas Compete/Flickr

欧洲空气启示录

新加坡—欧洲决策者喜欢给世界其他地区上空气污染课。亚洲,特别是中国是他们最喜欢的目标。事实上,有时候,似乎任何大型环境会议缺了欧洲决策者宣讲应该供全世界模仿的欧洲的所谓“最佳实践”都是不完整的。但是,在空气污染问题上,欧洲还是少说多听为妙。

空气污染正在日益成为全欧洲关注的问题。世界卫生组织称它是“欧洲大陆最大的环境健康风险”,据估计90%的欧洲公民暴露在超出世卫组织空气质量指导标准的室外污染中。2010年,大约600,000欧洲公民因为室外和室内空气污染而过早死亡,而经济成本更是高达1.6万亿美元,相当于欧盟GDP的9%左右。

伦敦和巴黎因为严重的空气质量问题而损失惨重。伦敦某些地方的二氧化氮水平有时高达建议上限的2—3倍。在英国,空气污染k每年要杀死29,000人左右,是仅次于吸烟的第二大过早死亡原因。巴黎的情况比伦敦还要糟糕;3月,巴黎空气污染水平超过上海,不得不实施局部限行并推出免费公交。

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