援助是有用的

纽约—对外部援助的批评是错误的。越来越多的数据表明,很多国家贫困人口的死亡率在迅速下降,卫生援助项目居功至伟。援助是有用的,它能够拯救生命。

德莫姆比尼斯(Gabriel Demombynes)和特罗穆勒洛瓦(Sofia Trommlerova)的最新研究表明,近几年来,肯尼亚婴儿(1岁以下)死亡率显著下降,其中很大一部分原因在于防疟疾床帐的大规模使用。这一发现与穆雷(Chris Murray)关于疟疾死亡率的重要研究是是一致的,穆雷发现,2004年以后,非洲撒哈拉以南地区的疟疾致死率出现了显著而快速的下降,其原因在于外部援助所支持的疟疾控制措施。

让我们从12年前开始。2000年,非洲饱受三大传染病的肆虐。艾滋病每年夺走200万以上生命,并在快速蔓延。由于寄生虫对传统药物的抗药性越来越强,疟疾出现了大爆发。结核病也在肆虐,一部分是由于艾滋病所致,一部分是因为具有抗药性的结核病的出现。此外,每年有数十万妇女在分娩时丧命,因为她们无法在安全的诊所和医院中生产,也得不到所需的紧急救援。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/rvKv2TY/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.