Противостояние Израиля, Америки и Ирана

Тель-Авив. Опасения Израиля в связи с ядерным призраком Ирана на данный момент переросли в кризис доверия, касающийся Соединенных Штатов. Премьер-министр Биньямин Нетаньяху начал компанию, призванную вынудить президента Барака Обаму провести красную черту, которую Иран не должен пересекать, чтобы не подвергаться риску американского военного ответа. Неявные угрозы одностороннего нападения Израиля, наряду с заметным вмешательством в президентскую избирательную кампанию США, усугубляются усилиями Нетаньяху выкрутить руку Обаме.

Разногласия между двумя союзниками частично вызваны различными временными границами: для Израиля этой границей является предстоящее перенесение иранских объектов по обогащению урана глубоко под землю; для США такой границей является начало специальной программы вооружений. Но, в той же степени, этот спор подчеркивает различие их целей.

Для Израиля война с Ираном необходима не для нейтрализации экзистенциальной угрозы, а скорее для подтверждения своего регионального статуса. Израильские лидеры видят угрозу стабильности для своей страны в лице враждебного исламистского режима в Египте; вероятности того, что подобный ему режим может, в конечном итоге, установиться в Сирии; ненадежности обычно дружественной Иордании; и опасного импульса, который дало пробуждение в регионе исламистов заклятым врагам Израиля ‑ Хамасу и Хезболле.

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