tractor Yuri Smityuk/TASS/Getty Images

Vzestup potravinářských magnátů

BERLÍN – Odvětví průmyslového zemědělství už dlouho čelí kritice za postupy, které přispívají ke změně klimatu, ničení životního prostředí a venkovské chudobě. Přesto sektor nepodnikl prakticky žádné kroky ke zlepšení jakosti a udržitelnosti ani k posílení sociální spravedlnosti.

Není divu. Přestože je na světě přes 570 milionů zemědělců a sedm miliard spotřebitelů, globální hodnotový řetězec průmyslového zemědělství – od polí až po prodejní pulty – ovládá hrstka společností. Vzhledem k vysokým ziskům a obrovské politické moci těchto firem nejsou změny statu quo v jejich zájmu.

Tržní koncentrace je navíc v zemědělství na vzestupu, vzhledem k vyšší poptávce po zemědělských surovinách potřebných v potravinářství, krmivářství a energetice. Jak se v zemích na jihu rozrůstá střední třída, mění se spotřeba a stravovací návyky jejích příslušníků, což posiluje globální poptávku po zpracovaných potravinách – a mezi nadnárodními zemědělskými, chemickými a potravinářskými korporacemi to vyvolává přetahovanou o tržní moc.

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