En busca de la tierra prometida

LONDRES.– En el punto culminante de los levantamientos árabes de la primavera pasada, muchos europeos se atormentaron con la pesadilla de un tsunami de inmigrantes que barría las costas del continente. La ola nunca llegó, pero su fantasma alimentó un tenaz populismo antiinmigratorio, que ha ocultado una importante nueva tendencia: las migraciones hacia Europa –y los Estados Unidos– en gran medida se han estancado. En muchos países, son más los inmigrantes que parten que los que llegan, principalmente debido a la crisis económica que ha reducido la cantidad de puestos de trabajo en occidente.

Esa reversión es una de las grandes historias con menor difusión de 2011 (y de los dos años anteriores). Los números son sorprendentes. Piensen en España, camino a perder más de medio millón de residentes en 2020. Por el contrario, entre 2002 y 2008, la población española creció en 700 000 personas al año, impulsada principalmente por la inmigración. Las tendencias son similares en el resto de Europa.

Si bien este hecho por sí solo no acallará a los oponentes de la inmigración, proporciona aire a los países para reparar y fortalecer unos sistemas muy dañados de recepción e integración para los recién llegados. Si bien los países occidentales con poblaciones en rápido envejecimiento son incapaces de atraer los inmigrantes que necesitan, permiten que millones que ya están allí sufran discriminación y abusos. Las detenciones y deportaciones a veces ocurren en condiciones terribles. Mientras tanto, la comunidad internacional falla conjuntamente a la hora de proteger a vastas poblaciones de inmigrantes vulnerables, como los millones abandonados a su suerte por los recientes conflictos en África del Norte.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/uwJAyJE/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.