После конца утопии

Еще десять лет назад люди говорили о "конце истории", имея в виду окончательный триумф либерально-капиталистического политического строя. Сегодня многие считают это понятие слишком упрощенческим. Тем не менее, мы находимся в конце и начале чего-то необычного и примечательного.

Вследствие краха утопических и часто смертоносных убеждений 19-го и 20-го веков (одним из последних эффектных примеров которого является падение коммунизма) и в условиях слабеющей веры в либеральное государство всеобщего благосостояния быстро меняются традиционные взгляды на работу, уход на пенсию, образование, церковь, солидарность и другие общественные институты. Основной движущей силой этого процесса является наблюдающееся сегодня огромное ускорение темпов технологических и экономических перемен. Назовем этот процесс быстрой модернизацией.

Конечно же, обвал во всем мире акций высокотехнологичных компаний в 2000 году слегка остудил воодушевление по поводу "новой экономики", как казалось, формирующейся в "конце истории". Но падение курса акций не должно закрыть нам глаза на тот факт, что наряду с текущей информационной революцией, нам не избежать еще трех волн новой революционной технологии: биотехнологии (включая новые медицинские технологии и генную инженерию, как, например, создание человеческих эмбрионов путем клонирования), нанотехнологии и робототехники. Каждая их них представляет собой промышленную революцию и внесет глубокие изменения в нашу жизнь и образ мышления.

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