在亲爱的领袖身后

首尔 ——朝鲜是个独特的国家。1991年冷战随着苏联的倒台而结束,现在只存留在绝大多数人的记忆中。可是朝鲜半岛仍然被意识形态分成两个部分,而两个朝鲜作为冷战时期的鲜活遗迹在世上并存。共有近150万来自南北朝鲜的年轻士兵在重兵布防的非军事区陈兵对峙。

但1991年后,接二连三的事件和结构性力量已经影响和改变了北朝鲜体制的特征。20世纪90年代初俄国突然中断石油和自然资源供应、中央计划经济土崩瓦解和20世纪90年代中接踵而来的大规模饥荒导致北朝鲜领导人没有其他选择,只能容忍非正式的市场活动。而现在,北朝鲜人似乎都很喜欢钱,而且知道金钱的重要性。

南朝鲜政府近年来实行的接触政策也改变了北朝鲜人对外部世界的认识,让他们重新审视自己的悲惨处境。在这种绝望的情况下,北朝鲜领导人死死抓住研制核武器这根救命稻草,来维护他们政权的稳定。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/wQFnmrc/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now