После Киото

Договор по Киотскому протоколу сейчас вступил в силу для 126 государств, которые к нему к настоящему моменту присоединились. Теперь настало время задуматься о том, как вовлечь все страны, в том числе и вносящие большой вклад в выбросы, в обсуждение того, что делать после окончания срока действия этого договора в 2012 году. Именно это и сделала недавно Европейская комиссия, представив свою первую стратегию на период «после Киото», которая будет обсуждаться Советом Европы в марте следующего года.

Хотя Киотский протокол требует лишь умеренного сокращения выбросов углеродсодержащих газов в промышленно развитых странах – на 5,2% в период 2008–2012 гг, по сравнению с уровнем 1990 года, при этом для разных стран запланированы различные показатели, – реального прогресса можно достичь на пути стремления к устойчивому развитию и сохранению нашей планеты.

Но сначала все страны должны объединить свою заботу о климате планеты в единую систему политического планирования и улучшить свое руководство в ключевых отраслях, таких как энергетика, инфраструктура и транспорт. Иными словами, мы должны действовать с осознанием того факта, что изменение климата и его воздействие на жителей как богатых, так и бедных стран остается угрозой глобальной безопасности.

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