Co po Arafatovi

Jásir Arafat, jak se zdá, opět odrazil zpochybnění své moci. Jeho poslední vítězství ale nedává odpověď na otázku, co se stane až konečně opustí politickou scénu.

Když byl Arafat v roce 2003 vážně nemocný, Palestinci byli na pokraji paniky. Ahmad Dudin, bývalý předák Fatahu v Hebronu, shrnul dilema slovy: „Palestinská samospráva byla odjakživa podnikem jednoho muže. Arafat nikdy nebyl opravdu ochoten dělit se o moc. To je jádro problému." Arafat nejenže nemá žádného stanoveného nástupce, ale také ochromil možnost vzniku institucí, jež by mohly napomoci plynulé proměně, vychovat nové lídry, zprostředkovat řešení sporů mezi soupeřícími kandidáty a frakcemi nebo krotit moc budoucího diktátora.

Jednou ale Arafat odejde. Je mu 74 let a nelze jej označit za zdravého. Arafatova schopnost celosvětově symbolizovat palestinskou věc v posledních letech dost ochabla, ale jakýkoliv nástupce by byl ještě hůře čitelný.

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